Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It is necessary to tell apart interviews as a technique of gathering interviewing and information being a genre. In the 1st case, interview, that is, interaction with individuals, is certainly one of three straight ways to have information with a researcher. Two different ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is an eyewitness regarding the event,
  • using the services of papers, in which the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as an approach of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for preparation of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the faculties of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being talked about into the previous chapter. In regards to the investigative will find out when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview being a genre, being a real method of text formatting in the shape of concerns from a interviewer additionally the responses associated with interlocutor. During the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the amount of questions regarding the researcher is minimized (they generally are no after all), in the other pole – a conversation, as soon as the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact that the meeting is a conversation, indicates in regards to the exact same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. When you look at the typical meeting, the interviewer answers take 70-90% for the text. A discussion are conducted by way of a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist ended up being also interesting to visitors, given that viewpoint of this interlocutor. If a typical journalist speaks just as much or higher in a job interview as an interlocutor, this might be an indication of insufficient certification.

Types of interviews with respect to the topic. Topic meeting

With respect to the topic, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the interview that is subject their state of things in every field of activity. Frequently this is certainly an interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be associated with this continuing state of affairs. For instance, an officer informs how exactly to protect a flat from thieves. A doctor describes just how to protect your self from the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast how long the crisis would be in the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate from the meeting topic, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling of this interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to the topic. Then there’s a parsing of this topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The subject interview ends using the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical tips to visitors.

The hero of this subject meeting can also be an eyewitness or participant in case. That is information interview, one of the news genres. The job of this journalist is always to learn whenever possible the important points and details of exactly what occurred. Like in the outcome of a specialist, the interlocutor’s communication with all the topic is first shown, then your subject is deepened, and also the ending is specialized in general impressions of what occurred and also the conclusions that the interlocutor made.